The "Seven Feasts" may be divided into two sections of "four" and "three. The First Four Feasts foreshadow truths connected with this present Gospel Dispensation and those who form the "heavenly" people of the Lord, the Church; while the Last Three Feasts foreshadow the blessings in store for God's "earthly" people, the Jews.
The Passover Feast had its origin in Egypt. It was the memorial of the redemption and deliverance of the Children of Israel from Egypt. It was to them the "beginning of months," and their birthday as a Nation. It consisted of the taking of a male lamb, without blemish, of the first year, a lamb for a family, and killing it on the 14th day of the month in the evening, and sprinkling its blood, with a bunch of hyssop, on the two side posts and upper lintel of the door of their houses, so that when the Lord passed through Egypt that night and saw the blood on the doorposts, He would spare the first born sheltered within.
The flesh of the lamb was to be roasted, and eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, and none of it left until the morning. Those who ate of it were to do so with their loins girded, their shoes on their feet, and their staff in their hand, ready to leave Egypt.
The Passover Feast was to be to them as a "Memorial," and they were to keep it as a Feast throughout their generations, and as an ordinance Forever.
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The shedding of His blood on Calvary, and our applying it to our hearts by faith, has the same effect as to our salvation, as the applying of the Passover Lamb's blood to the doorposts of those Egyptian houses had to the safety of those who were sheltered within. As that night was the "beginning of months" to them, so the moment a soul accepts Jesus Christ as its Saviour, that moment it is "born again," and a new life begins, for Christ Our Passover was sacrificed for us.
The first time the Children of Israel observed the Passover Feast it was amid the terrors of God's judgment plagues in the land of Egypt, a type of the world. Thereafter its yearly observance was as a joyful Memorial of their deliverance from Egypt. While they still observe the Passover Feast no "lamb" is slain, and no "blood" used, but when they get back to their own land they will again keep the Passover. The Christian Church does not observe the Passover, but they do observe as a Memorial the ordinance of the Lord's Supper that Christ instituted in its place.
The Seven Feasts of the LORD
The Feast of Unleavened Bread began on the day after the Passover, and continued for seven days. The lamb was slain on the 14th day at sunset, which ended the day. The Feast of Unleavened Bread began immediately after sunset, which was the beginning of the 15th day. Thus there was no interval between them. As the Passover is a type of the death of Christ, so the Feast of Unleavened Bread is a type of the "Walk" of the Believer, and there should be no interval between the salvation of a soul and its entrance on a holy life and walk.
The "seven days" point to the whole course of the Believer's life after conversion. Leaven in the Scriptures is a type of evil, so the Feast was to be kept with "unleavened" bread. Paul speaks of "malice" and "wickedness" as leaven. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the Feast, not with 'old leaven,' neither with the 'leaven of malice and wickedness.
The typical teaching then of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is that, having been saved by the shed blood of Christ our Passover, we are to "walk" in newness of life, purging out the leaven of wordliness, and doing no "servile work," or work that is done to earn salvation.
The Passover took place on the 14th day of the month, the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the next day, which was the Sabbath, and the following day, which was the "morrow after the Sabbath," the Feast of First Fruits was to be celebrated. This however could not be done until after the Children of Israel had entered Canaan, therefore the Feast of First Fruits was not observed during the Wilderness Wanderings. The Offering was a sheaf reaped from the waving fields of the ripened harvest, and carried to the priest to be waved before the Lord for acceptance, and was to be followed by a Burnt, Meat and Drink Offering, but no Sin-Offering.
The Burnt-Offering was to be a male lamb without blemish of the first year. He arose on the "morning after the Sabbath," and His resurrection is spoken of by Paul, as the "First-Fruits" of the resurrection of the dead. When the Priest on the day of Christ's resurrection waved the sheaf of "First-Fruits" in the Temple, it was before a "rent veil," and was but an empty form, for the Substance had come and the shadow had passed away, and the empty tomb of Joseph proclaimed that the "Great First-Fruits' Sheaf" had been reaped and waved in the Heavenly Temple.
Only the First and Last day were celebrated. See Chart of the Feasts of the Lord. It was called "new" because it must be of grain from the "new" harvest. At the Feast of First-Fruits "stalks of grain" were to be offered and waved, but at the Feast of Pentecost the grain was to be ground and made into flour, from which two loaves were to be baked with leaven.
The "two loaves" represent the two classes of people that were to form the Church, the Jews and Gentiles, and as believers are not perfect, even though saved, that imperfection is represented by the leaven.
A "Burnt Offering" of seven lambs without blemish of the first year, one young bullock, and two rams, was to be offered with the "Wave Loaves," as was also "Meat" and "Drink" Offerings for a sweet savor unto the Lord. These were to be followed by a "Sin Offering" of a kid of the goats, and two lambs of the first year for a "Peace Offering. Note that it is now "loaves," not loose stalks of grain. The "loaves" represent the homogeneousness of the Church. The Feast of Pentecost had its fulfilment on the Day of Pentecost, when the disciples of the Lord were baptized into one body by,the Holy Spirit.
Between the Feast of Pentecost and the Feast of Trumpets there was an interval of four months during which the Harvest and Vintage were gathered in. There was no convocation of the people during those busy months. This long "Interval" typifies the "Present Dispensation" in which the Holy Spirit is gathering out the elect of the Church, and during which Israel is scattered among the Nations.
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When the Present Dispensation has run its course, and the "Fulness of the Gentiles" has been gathered in Rom. The Feast of Trumpets, which was observed on the first day of the Seventh month, ushered in the second series of the "set feasts. It was followed by the "Day of Atonement" on the 10th day of the month, and by the "Feast of Tabernacles" which began on the 15th day of the month, a Sabbath day, and ended on the 22d day of the month, which was also a Sabbath day.
It was ushered in with the blowing of Trumpets. During the Wilderness Wandering two silver Trumpets, made of the atonement money of the people, were blown for the "calling of the Assembly," and for the "journeyings of the Camps. The fact that the Feast of Trumpets comes immediately at the close of the "Interval" between the two series of "set feasts" is not without significance.
As we have seen the "Interval" represents this "Dispensation of Grace," and we know that two things are to happen at the close of this Dispensation. First the Church is to be caught out, and secondly Israel is to be gathered back to their own land. This "last trump" is not the last of the "Seven Trumpets" that sound in the Book of Revelation, for it does not sound until the "Middle of the Week," while the Church is caught out "before" the beginning of the "Week.
The Seven Feasts of the LORD – Uganda Jubilee Network
Then we read in Matt. This has led some to believe that as Jesus was crucified at the time of the Passover, and the Holy Spirit was given at Pentecost, that when He comes back the "Rapture" will take place at the Feast of Tabernacles, and the "Revelation" seven years later at the time of the same Feast. Time alone will reveal the correctness of this view. The "Day of Atonement" was Israel's annual cleansing from sin.
For a full account of the day and its services read Lev. Its typical meaning was fulfilled in Christ. But the fact that the "Day of Atonement" is placed between the "Feast of Trumpets," which we have seen will have its typical fulfillment at the Second Coming of Christ, and the "Feast of Tabernacles," which is a type of Israel's "Millennial Rest," implies that it has some typical significance between those two events.
It must therefore refer to the time when a "Fountain will be opened to the. That is, there will be a National "Day of Atonement" for Israel after they have been gathered back to their own land unconverted, and shall repent and turn to God. This was the last of the Seven Set Feasts. It was a "Harvest Home" celebration to be observed at the end of the harvest, and was to continue seven days. The people during the Feast were to dwell in booths arbors made of the branches of palm trees and willows from the brook, which would remind them of the palm trees of Elim, and the "Willows" of Babylon.
The Antitype of this Feast has not as yet appeared though Peter anticipated it, when on the Mt. What Peter desired, the dwelling of heavenly with earthly people on the earth, was not possible then, but will come to pass in Millennial Days, when Heaven and Earth shall be in closer union. What the "Seventh Day," or Sabbath, is to the week, a day of rest; so the "Seventh Month" to the Other six months of the "Seven Months Cycle," typifies a period of rest-the.
Like the Lord's Supper is to us, a "Memorial" pointing back to the "Cross" and forward to the "Coming," so the "Feast of Tabernacles" will be a "Memorial" to Israel, pointing back to Egypt and forward to Millennial Rest. While the Feast of Tabernacles began on the Sabbath and continued seven days, it was to be followed by a Sabbath.
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The Seven Feasts of Israel
Mt b; ; For them the festival-lights will truly be kindled by the Messiah Mk Fruchtenbaum b; Nadler , for God the Father can only be known through the Son and by those to whom the Son wants to reveal him. The four sections of the Seder are commemorated by drinking from four cups Edersheim ; Nadler Indicative of the first and second cup, the Lord of the Sabbath Mt invites individuals to find redemption rest Mt as well as 'Canaan rest' in him Mt Mt ; Edersheim ; Nadler The child who finds the afikoman first is given a special blessing by the Father.
Later, at the actual Passover meal, Jesus takes the now-found afikoman piece and breaks this unleavened, striped and pierced bread, and gives it to his followers, saying 'Take, eat; this is My body', and later 'Drink from it, all of you'. His followers will later do this to commemorate this holy communion, proclaiming the Lord's death until he to whom the afikoman points, comes again cf. Mt ; Jn , ; 1 Cor When baptised by the Holy Spirit into the body of Christ, believers identify with Christ's death, burial and resurrection, which fulfilled the Feasts of Passover, Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits.
Whereas the breaking of the middle piece of matzah represents Christ's death, and the wrapping in cloth represents his burial Mt , the third cup of redemption represents Christ's resurrection on the third day, signifying spiritual redemption cf. Mt ; Fruchtenbaum b The Coming One is going to take his followers and only then will he drink the fourth cup of praise 'with you in My Father's kingdom' Mt ; cf. Peter first identifies the afikoman as Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God.