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Feet positioned about one shoulder width apart with feet pointed straight forward.

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Some Kata begin from this position. Feet and heels are together and pointed straight forward. It gives the balance of power to the forward moving technique. The designated attacker makes one attack, after which the defender counter-attacks. The participants can attack with any technique whenever ready.

The JO originated as a walking stick. Used in tournaments. It can also be used to describe other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched. Although, "KAMAE" generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in Karate between one's physical and one's psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological attitude. It is important to try so far as possible to maintain a positive and strong mental bearing in Karate.

Karate Kicks Name in English & Japanese

The characters of TODE could be pronounced. This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspects of Karate.

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But also "shoulder. Literally, Kick upward. In Chinese, it is pronounced "Chuan Fa". Related to meditation. Spirit Energy. Manifestation of KI Simultaneous union of spirit and expression of physical strength. Basic techniques. Musubi Dachi with open hands down both sides. This tool serves normally as a key chain. Referred to in English as "Back Stance". Any rank below Shodan.

Karate Terminology

Since Karate techniques always vary according to circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial position affect the timing and application of techniques. Practice often begins or ends with a brief period of meditation. The purpose of meditation is to clear one's mind and to develop cognitive equanimity. Perhaps more importantly, meditation is an opportunity to become aware of conditioned patterns of thought and behavior so that such patterns can be modified, eliminated or more efficiently put to use. Punching with both fists simultaneously. One arm and fist support the other arm in a block.

The technique can also be used to strike the opponent's inner thigh or knee, as well as to sweep an opponent's leg. This was originally used by the Okinawans as a farm tool to thrash rice straw. Also referred to as Otoshi Hiji Ate. The Way of a Warrior is based on humanity, love, and sincerity; the heart of martial valor is true bravery, wisdom, love, and friendship.

List of karate terms - Wikipedia

Emphasis on the physical aspects of warriorship is futile, for the power of the body is always limited. AGE: Upper or rising. Raising your instep into your attackers groin. Usually combined with a knee kick.


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It is used in the Kata Nijushiho. This is an effective "close-in" technique. Also referred to as Tate Empi Uchi vertical elbow strike. This is in relation to your opponent when you are in matching stances. AI-KI: Harmonious spirit. This is where you integrate all your movements, breathing etc. It is also called "Spirit Meeting" or "Harmony Meeting". This is the preparing or setting up of your opponent in order to execute your technique so that it is most effective.


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  6. These are methods of attacking with the knee, ball or edge of the foot, heel, etc. This is different to an Ashi Barai because this is not done in a sweeping motion. Normally used to block a front kick. It is similar in motion to Ashibo-Kake Uke. A feint must cause your opponent to believe that the attack is going to hit him and therefore cause him to move his guard and try to block it, which in turn will give you your target area. It is seen in the Kata Bassai Dai.


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    It can also be used as a defence when someone attempts a two handed grab. A good technique against a Jo or Bo attack. Seen in the Kata Nijushiho. This technique can also be used to unbalance or throw your attacker. As seen in the Kata Chinte. The thumbs touch forming a triangle. It is a natural "walking" stance with the weight over the centre. Normally taught once third Kyu has been obtained. This Kata was originally called Passai. A technically more advanced Kata than Bassai Dai. The Kata is notable for its leg sweeps and blocks against a staff or Bo.

    BO: Staff. A long stick used as a weapon approximately 6 feet long. A general term for any strike using a Bo. This is a general term that covers any block against a Bo attack. A method of fighting wearing armour. Uses the old names of techniques. BUDO: Martial way. In Karate, there is an assumption that the best way to prevent violent conflict is to emphasise the cultivation of individual character.

    The way Do of Karate is thus equivalent to the way of Bu, taken in this sense of preventing or avoiding violence so far as possible. This is a throwing technique where you step your leg behind your attackers front leg and at the same time that you sweep his leg you attack his chin with your open hand pushing his head back in the opposite direction that which his leg is being swept in. A higher grade Kata. Master Funakoshi named this Kata Shoin.